In April this year, the French Development Agency (AFD) and International Labour Office (ILO) organised a meeting with a view to exploring the relationship between climate change, poverty and social protection. The world’s poorest populations are also those most exposed to, and affected by, climate shocks. On the one hand, social protection can be a coherent political tool for protecting populations from shocks like climate-related natural catastrophes. These include not only the direct effects of, for instance, earthquakes, hurricanes and droughts, but also indirect effects, stemming from food price volatility, food insecurity, migration, and conflict over land, water and natural resources. On the other hand, green policies designed to fight climate change can have a negative impact on certain populations, leading to a loss of jobs and revenue in polluting industries. Here too, social protection could help affected populations via the transition to a green economy.
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